Friday, February 14, 2020
Risk assessment plan - Math Problem Example The paper tells that in coming up with a risk management plan, there are several steps involved. The first step is identifying the risk factors involved. In this stage, the event, probability, impact, contingency, reduction and exposure is established. The event simply means an act or incidence that might happen, probability defines the likelihood of an event occurring, impact is the consequence of an event happening. Mitigation happens to be how much the probability of an event may be reduced. Reduction is represented mathematically as the product of mitigation and contingency, whereas exposure is the result of reduction subtracted from risk. In the initial steps, the project's risk management team has to identify the risks as well as their probabilities and consequences. The risks and threats are then analyzed and a risk profile created depending on the consequence and likelihood of occurrence. The threats and risks that are involved in this project may be subdivide into three main categories based on the entity the most impact is felt. The divisions may be environmental, personnel and the public. The contractor may have to execute his task with the railway being in use. Rubble and materials used overhead are a threat to the public, while the running railway is a risk to the experts on the project. Using the profiling, collapse of the bridge during construction may be catastrophic, yet rare thus falling in the high-risk category of the assessment profile. Probabilistic risk analysis (PRA) or quantitative risk analysis (QRA) or probabilistic safety analysis (PSA) is one of the most used methods of analysing risk in project development and operation (Bedford & Cooke, 2001, p. 210). The use of this technique supports and validates the improvement of control and mitigation measures against threats. Incorporating probability in the project risk management gives the problem a wider scope and allows the stakeholders a better grasp of uncertainty and the need to impr ove on the risk control measures chosen for a given project. Incorporating probability in the development process allows in the assessment of what may happen, its likelihood and the possible consequences in the case of its occurrence. The works of Kaplan and Garrick in defining uncertainties and risk in mathematical terms aids in programming. The definition of risk as a set of scenarios Si, each with a probability Pi and a consequence Xi, generate a risk curve based on the increase or decrease in severity (Goodwin & Wright, 2003, p. 49). From this, programmers can assess inputs through the variations of the severity, consequence and frequency. The Scenario represents the probabilistic sample space in which event is contained (both favourable and unfavourable) each with a chance of occurring. However, in the probabilistic equations, the chances might be equal or biased; in the risk, assessment equality of the scenarios is hard to come by. The chances of occurrence in pure probability are equated to frequency in risk management. The ideology behind introducing the probability of frequency allows the risk analysis to be conducted based on empirical data. If a given project, in a given period, suffers a number of threats and risks the probability of a certain threat can be equated to the number of times it has
Saturday, February 1, 2020
Impacts of Cyber Vandalism on the Internet - Essay Example With intent to discuss the issue, this paper will cover the associated terms like administrative discretion, cybersecurity threats, and statutory protections for public employees. Ã In the legal context, the term discretion indicates the power to decide or act according to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own judgment. Some legal systems like the US allow certain discretionary powers to administrative authorities. To illustrate, US law system has framed some broad limits within which an administrative authority can operate. For instance, a statute confers discretion if it is reasonable and is in public interest. To define, the administrative discretion is the expertise of professional expertise and judgment as opposed to strict adherence to regulations or statutes, in making a decision or performing official acts or duties (The Free Dictionary). In other words, when a legal system permits an administrative authority to practice discretion, it is called administrative discretion. The discretionary powers are given to an administrative authority by statute or delegation. It has observed that, generally, broad discretionary powers are given to administrative agencies in order to e ffectively exercise their administrative authority. However, it is held that the discretionary power must not be vague or arbitrary, but it has to be in accordance with legal requirements. US Supreme Court stated that Ã¢â¬Å"an administrative agency enjoys wide discretion in ascertaining the best way to handle related, yet discrete issues in terms of procedures and prioritiesÃ¢â¬ (USLegal). Although the law imposes certain regulations on the administrative authorities in exercising their discretionary powers, it is often seen that their functions are not in line with law requirements.
Friday, January 24, 2020
Ã ¡Ã §Texts both inform us of the social identities available to us, and problematize them; both police our social selves and subvert them.Ã ¡Ã ¨ Both texts, The Crying Game by Neil Jordan and Loaded by Christos Tsiolkas, use characters within the discourse to project social identities that have been problematized due to social constraints. Throughout this essay, I will focus on sexuality, as this type of social identity has been depicted as a central theme in both texts. The characters from the texts work to, police and subvert their own sexual identities within their social milieu. Ã ¡Ã §To claim an identity as a homosexual is to claim a place in a system of social regulationÃ ¡Ã ¨ (Connell & Dowsett, 1992). I would firstly like to establish the fact that homosexuality, in its most general sense, has been argued to have been socially constructed, therefore sexuality, in this case homosexuality, has to be considered a form of social identity. I support this with FreudÃ ¡Ã ¦s theory that sexuality is a result of social processes whether it be within the family, cultural, class etc., all such processes assist in forming a particular sexual identity, Ã ¡Ã § sexualities are not received as a packageÃ ¡K.is arrived at by a highly variable and observable process of construction, not by an Ã ¡Ã ¥unfoldingÃ ¡Ã ¦ of the natural; and that social process is deeply implicated into this construction.Ã ¡Ã ¨ (Connell & Dowsett, 1992). The Crying Game and Loaded, exhibit sexual identities yet in different ways. Ã ¡Ã §Liberal HumanismÃ ¡Ã ¨ was concerned with universal humanism which tended to homogenise various types of gays and lesbians. It was Ã ¡Ã §Identity PoliticsÃ ¡Ã ¨, which was bench- marked in western countries throughout the 1960Ã ¡Ã ¦s, that appealed to Liberal Humanism and saw that everybody had a right to express themselves and their identities. It was this recognition that distinguished identities within the Ã ¡Ã §homosexual identityÃ ¡Ã ¨. The increase of sexual personae, diversified drag queens, dykes, macho gays, and from The Crying Game, transvestites. Throughout the novel Loaded, These diversities of homosexual identities were captured. The central character, Ari, repeatedly makes the distinction between these identities and refuses to be homogenised into such a broad identity, Ã ¡Ã §I hate the word gay. I hate the word homosexual.Ã ¡Ã ¨ Ari would be defined as... ...eks.Ã ¡Ã ¨ Ari admits that this is because the Greek culture is renowned for their gossip and the fact that he is gay would somehow get back to his family, Ã ¡Ã §Someone may know a friend of my parents, or know an uncle. Greeks have big mouths and word can get around.Ã ¡Ã ¨ It is this example that shows that relation between a personÃ ¡Ã ¦s sexual identity and cultural identity cannot be separated and thus form a trap. Through examples of identity, ethnicity, sexuality, gender and the body from both the film The Crying Game and the book Loaded, I have endeavoured to reveal how social conventions problematize certain identities. Focusing on sexual identities from both texts, it is seen that characters police their social selves and subvert them using their Ã ¡Ã §homosexual identityÃ ¡Ã ¨. Bibliography Ã¢â¬Å¾h Loaded, Christos Tsiolkas, 1998 Ã¢â¬Å¾h The Crying Game, Neil Jordan, 1992 Ã¢â¬Å¾h Cultural Studies and the New Humanities, Fuery & Mansfield, 1997 Ã¢â¬Å¾h Rethinking Sex, Connell & Dowsett, 1992 Ã¢â¬Å¾h Gender As Seriality: Thinking About Women as a Social Collective, Iris Marion Young, 1997 Ã¢â¬Å¾h The Internationalization of Gay and Lesbian Identities, Dennis Altman, 1998
Thursday, January 16, 2020
Jim Jarmusch is one of the prominent post-modernist directors whose works produced a profound impression on the audience and often evoked quite controversial emotions. His films are very original and convey the authentic message of the author, but the director often chooses such means of conveying his ideas that his works are perceived in different way by different people. In fact, some people enjoy his films and believe they are genius, while, on the other hand, there are people who do not really understand his works and are very critical in relation to his works. At the same time, it should be said that his films are destined not only for specialists but also for the mass audience, though the directorÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas may be not always clear for ordinary viewers. Nevertheless, the artistic value of his works is practically undeniable. As a rule, his films are stylistically and artistically rich. The director skillfully applies different stylistic devices which help him convey his message to the audience. Among films created by Jim Jarmusch, it is possible to single out his film Ã¢â¬Å"Down by LawÃ¢â¬ , which depicts the tragedy of main characters who have to pass through serious challenges in the course of the film. At the same time, this film is a perfect sample of post-modernist films, where main characters confront severe reality of the modern world and where it is really difficult to distinguish between good and evil, right and wrong. In his film the author shows that in the epoch of high technologies, there are still a lot of problems which affect the life of ordinary people and make the life very difficult and even tragic. On analyzing the film Ã¢â¬Å"Down by LawÃ¢â¬ by Jim Jarmusch, it is necessary to start with the title of the film because it gives insight into the contents and message of the film. In fact, the title of the film is quite symbolic, though it is practically directly indicates to the overwhelming power of law and its impact on an individual. The title of the film clearly conveys the message that the law can affect the life of people dramatically and, what is even more important, the law is not always right or good. Basically, it is possible to estimate that Jim Jarmusch attempts to moralize and analyze the relationship between an individual and the law. Judging from the title, the director stands on the ground that the law can oppress an individual, it can deprive a person of freedom and punish severely. In this respect, the events depicted in the film are quite logical and basically support first ideas that the title of the film evoke. To put it more precisely, the main characters, three inmates, Zack, Jack and Bob, are cellmates and the director attempts to show that all of them are innocent and were wrongfully accused of crimes they have never committed. Nevertheless, all of them are sentenced and, therefore, punished by the existing judicial system which executes the law established in the society. In such a way, the author uses the title to prepare the audience to the perception of the film and adequate interpretation of his main message and ideas. It gives insight concerning the problem raised in the film, but, at the same time, the title also creates certain emotional state or mood which prepares the audience to perception of the film in the way the director finds the most suitable. To put it more precisely, the title has quite a negative connotation of the law. Traditionally, the law is associated with justice. The modern society gets used to perceive law as the basis of the social life, since laws regulate relations between people and support the existing social order and social stability. The violation of law naturally leads to the punishment of an individual through which the individual is supposed to be corrected and change his lifestyle and behavior. In other words, the law is viewed as a tool of the adaptation of the behavior of an individual to socially appropriate and acceptable norms. In such a context, the law is viewed as a positive concept since it maintains justice and social stability that are highly appreciated in the modern society. However, the title of the film suggests an alternative view on the law. Implicitly, Ã¢â¬Å"Down by LawÃ¢â¬ tends to convince the audience that the law is the punishment above all and its power is used to get people down, while there is little indication to any kind of justice in the title of the film. On the contrary, such a title rather produces an impression that the law is not absolutely just, if not to say unjust. In actuality, the title of the film refers probably to one of the major themes of the film Ã¢â¬â the relationship between a man and the law. Remarkably, the author attempts to show that the law is really oppressive that may be seen from the title of the film. However, such a conclusion is logical and the title is only a tool with the help of which the director conveys this idea. In actuality, the entire film shows that the law, as a tool of human justice, is often blind. Jim Jarmusch shows that the law is not a synonym of justice. In stark contrast, the law is shown as a powerful tool which has little in common with the concept of justice (Jilesen, 236). Even thought the concept of justice is not clearly defined by the director in the film, it is very difficult to get rid of impression that the law is wrong, at least in relation to the main characters, who got their sentences for crimes they had never committed. In actuality, the director manages to show that the concept of law, as a symbol of justice, is very conventional and it seems as if he wants to convince the audience that people should not totally rely on the law and the justice system at large, because there still remains the risk of errors and innocent people can go to prison. At the same time, Jim Jarmusch pays a lot of attention to interpersonal relations between people. In fact, it is even possible to estimate that the director attempts to underline the significance of interpersonal relationships, which can outweigh even the relationship between a man and the law. Unlike the relationship of a man and the law, the relationship between people is not conventional. In stark contrast, they are very personal and people can learn more about each other through communication and, in such a context, decisions of the judicial system made on the basis of law are absolutely irrelevant to people. What is meant here is the fact that the main characters of the film, the three cellmates, could perceive each other as criminals. Formally, all of them were accused and sentenced to different terms. Therefore, they could naturally perceive each other as criminals because the law defined them as criminals. At the beginning of the film, the director actually shows that such stereotyping on the basis of decisions of the judicial system can affect the perception of people. In such a situation, it seems to be quite natural that Zack and Jack soon come to blows because they perceive each other as criminals and, in actuality, their conflict is, to a significant extent, provoked by stereotyping and biased attitudes of Zack and Jack to each other. In fact, it is the biases and stereotypes imposed on them by the law lead them to the conflict. However, the director of the film apparently does not really believe that the law and the existing judicial system is worth trusting. Jim Jarmusch lays emphasis on the importance of interpersonal relationships which actually define the life of people and their perception of each other (Jilesen, 218). In other words, the director puts human relationships consistently higher than any conventional norms or regulations imposed on people by laws, traditions, tc. In fact, it is through the interpersonal relationship between people their nature and character is revealed. In this respect, it should be said that from the point of view of the law all the three inmates are criminals, but through their interpersonal relationships, they reveal the fact that they are not as bad as they seem to be judging from their sentences and crimes they are accused of. On the other hand, the director avoids labeling his main characters as either positive or negative. He wants to show that his characters are real people, they are alive, they have their own feelings, emotions, ideals. Briefly speaking, they are humans and, therefore, they are imperfect. At any rate, Jim Jarmusch does not idealize his characters and shows that they have both positive and negative qualities. At the same time, he shows that the world, society get used to perceive people in such a way, i. e. through the antagonism between good and bad. In this respect, the use of black and white color in the film is very symbolic. Traditionally, good and bad is associated with white and black color respectively. Jim Jarmusch has shot the film in black and white intentionally in order to convey his message to the audience. In fact, it is possible to view his film as a kind of mirror where the traditional perception of the modern world is reflected. To put it more precisely, people get used to perceive each other either positively or negatively, people are either good or bad. Hence, the choice of colors in the film is very original and unusual for the late 1980s, when there were quite a few films shot in black and white. The director attempted to convince the audience that people get used to perceive this world only in two colors (Hertzberg, 175). Therefore, the use of black and white was quite logical since the film just shows people the world in the colors people get used to perceive the world in. In such a way, the director also warns people about the danger of the loss of other colors since, on perceiving the life through the antagonism of black and white, bad and good, wrong and right, people forget about intermediary states and other colors and concepts. In such a context, when black and white dominates in the film, it is the complexity of interpersonal relationships of the main characters that makes the film really colorful and bright. And again it is possible to speak about a profound attention of the author to interpersonal relations between people which are extremely important to each individual. Moreover, it is relationships with other people that make human life purposeful and brings in certain sense. However, the director creates quite an unusual relationship between the main characters. For instance, Zack and Jack do not speak to each other after the conflict which occurs at the beginning of the film. Nevertheless, it does not prevent them from the establishment of good relationships and it is even possible to speak about a strange but strong friendship between these two not very talkative men (Hertzberg, 153). Their friendship grows stronger as they come through all the hardships after the escape from the prison. In such a way, the author shows that human relations are very complicated and it is very difficult to understand what actually makes people help each other and become friends. At first glance, Zack and Jack have no chances to become friends, at least at the beginning of the film, but by the end of the film they cannot be viewed otherwise but friends, even though they do not talk to each other. Consequently, there should something else in humans that makes them feel confident in each other and become friends. In this respect, it is possible to speak about strong post-modernist trends that can be easily traced in the film, especially through the relationship between Zack and Jack. What is meant here is the fact that Jim Jarmusch actually challenges the existing social norms and purely materialistic view on human life. Obviously, he rejects the supremacy of the law as a synonym of justice. Moreover, he even rejects traditional views on human relations and denies the rigid materialism of the conservative or traditional artists. His charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ friendship cannot be rationally explained by a scientific theory or logic. Traditionally, normal or positive interpersonal relationships are established through verbal communication, but Zack and Jack have none. Instead, it is rather a kind of spiritual unity or spiritual communication between the main characters. In fact, their friendship is, to a certain extent, almost mystical. At any rate, it is irrational and does not meet any scientific approach that is very typical for post-modernist art at large and films in particular. In this respect, it should be said that, being a post-modernist director, Jim Jarmusch is very skeptical about science as well as about existing stereotypes, social norms, and the law (Suarez, 186). Instead, he argues that people are spiritually rich and it is impossible to explain logically and rationally all their actions and behavior. They can make errors and they can suffer from errors of other people or the existing social or justice system, but still they remain people. Basically, it seems as if the director cannot fully understand human beings, this is why he shows that some of their actions are defined by their internal inclinations or spiritual world. At the same time, the entire film may be viewed as a post-modernist protest against the existing social norms, stereotypes and biases, which limit humans by boundaries of social and legal conventions, norms and regulations. In such a context, the successful escape of the main characters from the prison is very symbolic because, in such a way, they escaped from the social biases and stereotypes, they freed themselves not only literally as they got freedom to move wherever they wanted, but they also got moral and spiritual freedom. They escape from the prison of social stereotypes and unjust laws. Moreover, after the escape, Bob even found his love and became happy that implies that only freeing themselves people can become really happy. Thus, taking into account all above mentioned, it is possible to conclude that Jim Jarmusch is a successful post-modernist director, who attempted to convey his original ideas and his unique vision of the world and men through his works, among which it is possible to single out Ã¢â¬Å"Down by LawÃ¢â¬ . In this work, the author perfectly illustrated the imperfectness of the contemporary world and humans. He lays emphasis on the erroneous nature of the existing laws, stereotypes and traditional views of people which heavily rely on materialism, rationalism and logic. Instead, he appeals to human nature, to human spirituality and he underlines that people should strive for their own freedom from their own biases and stereotypes. People, according to Jim Jarmusch should be really free as are his characters.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
The colonization of Australia has a disturbing influence on the Indigenous people who have lived in Australia for almost 60,000 years. Indigenous people are recognised as the custodians of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s longest living culture. For almost 60,000 years, more than 500 different Aboriginal nations and up to 1 million Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were understood to have lived in Australia before the arrival of the British in 1788. The new settlement was designed to improve BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s claim was to establish colonial powers. The result of colonisation was to beat competition over land and resources which quickly lead to violence. The history of colonisation has created an impact on families as it placed many thousands of children inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦For example, this has resulted in generations of children raised in state care. The effects of the removal policies continue to resonate through the generations of Aboriginal families as the trauma is inhe rited by new children in difficult ways through behavioural problems, violence, trauma, and mental illness. There has been records about the Stolen Generations and their families all over Australia but over time some they have been lost due to fires, floods or poor record management. This made it a lot of difficult of families to find their lost families. The loss of family connections meant the loss of identity which lead to the Aboriginal communities to drug abuse and alcohol abuse as a sense of relief. Therefore, this is how the Stolen Generation has affected the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people which has taken a toll on the way they live and the way they are in society. Though, there have been actions undertaken to solve the problems that have caused destruction to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. This includes the Apology given by former Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd on February 13th, 2008. The significance of the apology was to represent a major landmark in the settlement process with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. The acknowledgement of the impact of the forcible removal policies has provided a pathway of healing to those who have been affected. The apology had been a key recommendation in the Ã¢â¬Å"1997 Bringing them HomeShow MoreRelatedEffects Of Colonization On Indigenous People1001 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesyour identity and culture stripped away from you. This is what has happened to many Indigenous people throughout history in Canada. This has been done through the process of colonization. There are many devastating impacts of colonization that has affected Indigenous people all over Canada including racism and stereotyp ing as well as the downfall of the health of Indigenous people. 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After so, this contact decimated every aspect of the Indigenous way of life. The health and well-being of Indigenous people initiated to worsen severely not only in the physical aspect but also mental. According to National Household Survey conducted in 2011, 1,400,685 people have been identified as being a member of one of the Aboriginal groups within CanadaRead MoreColonialism has plagued indigenous people worldwide and has spelled disaster for countless800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesColonialism has plagued indigenous people worldwide and has spelled disaster for countless cultures, languages, and traditions. Over the past 500 years there have been different phases of colonization in Africa as well as other various parts of earth. There were many reasons behind exploration and colonization including economic and tactical reasons, religion, and prestige. 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Historical colonial practices and attitudes deeply contribute to a severe loss ofRead MoreChinua Achebe s Things Fall Apart Essay1519 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesforces, Okonkwo is an individual that prides himself on his masculinity and success; living in direct contrast to his father Unoka, a rather lazy and cowardice man, as a result of a sense of shame he endures from his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s pathetic life. As colonization progresses and advances into the civilization of Umuofia, particular aspects of OkonkwoÃ¢â¬â¢s character and belief system begin to alter and transition away from those aspects present before the colonistsÃ¢â ¬â¢ occupancy. Okonkwo, the central figure andRead MoreColonization Of The Great Powers1496 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHas colonization finally ended? Most people would say that it has given the fact that most countries that were under colonial rule are independent now. However, most Latin American countries are still dependent on the great powers and are highly underdeveloped due to the enduring adverse effects colonization established. Colonialization has deprived Latin American countries of their wealth, freedom and character leaving the decedents of the colonists morally and psychologically disoriented. Two ofRead MoreEffects of Coloniztionon First Nations1483 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1. Discuss your understanding of historic and contemporary colonization, how it continues to affect First Nations, Metis, and or Inuit peoples today and how it may be reflected in your proposed specific area of social work practice. To begin with, colonization began when first contact was made between Indigenous peoples of Canada and Europeans. At first the settlers were humble to Indigenous peoples and learnt how to survive the diverse land of what is known as Canada. As settlers began gettingRead MoreThe Effects of Westernization Essay example934 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescontact. By means of colonization Asia, Africa and Latin America were particularly affected as Western values were enforced upon the populations by colonial assault. During this era traditional cultural pursuits declined and stagnated in the face of Western conquests. The attitude is much the same now as it was then, Ã¢â¬Å"However disagreeable the Ã¢â¬Å"medicineÃ¢â¬ may be, it is worth it for the Ã¢â¬Å"backwardÃ¢â¬ people to become just like people in the West, (Haviland, 2008). European colonization greatly changed the
Tuesday, December 31, 2019
Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1660 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/04/26 Category History Essay Level High school Tags: Holocaust Essay Did you like this example? When the Nazi party took over Germany, they instituted rules and laws that affected Jews and other minorities differently than the primarily Caucasian majority. They caused extreme hardships for everyone during this time. These institutions, along with the inherent beliefs of the Nazi party, are what lead to what we now know as the Holocaust. The Holocaust was a period of time when the Nazi party had taken over Germany. They believed that certain people were dangerous and needed to be eliminated. These people that were so dangerous were innocent people, including Gypsies, Poles, Russians, but mostly Jews. In Sandra S. Williams study, The Impact of the Holocaust on Survivors and Their Children, it explains in detail about life before, during and after the Holocaust. Before the Nazi party had taken control, Germany and its citizens never saw themselves as divided. In Germany, nearly two-thirds of the 500,000 Jews were engaged in trade and commerce, one quarter worked in the industry, and about one-eighth were in public service and the professions working in mainly law and medicine, helping the country. (Sandra S. Williams) DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The Holocaust: A Big Mistake" essay for you Create order Adolf Hitler had a huge influence on Germany and led the Holocaust. Hitler rose to power when he was appointed the chancellor, is the head of the German government, in January 1933. Due to the economic depression that went down beforehand, when the Nazi party came into play, all of Germany thought to have found a savior. Hitler led Germany with his powerful inspiring speeches, speaking towards a country desperate for change, and promising a new fulfilling life to the people of Germany. In Hitlers Rise and Fall Timeline, OpenLearn, it goes into detail about all things Hitler did to help Germany politically. Hitler had volunteered his services to help his country. He attended meetings to get people out of poverty. He became a well-known and highly respected leader. Hitler was a good leader until he began to abuse power. Due to the Nazi partys discriminating beliefs, Hitler divided the majority of the country into forced organizations. Terror began to spread throughout the country. Tra de Unions were abolished and employees were forced to resign and join the Nazi party. Citizens lost their freedom. Their privacy was no longer private, having officials listen in on phone calls, read mail, and even search houses without a warrant (the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Hitler Comes to Power), The Nazi party set up a system to keep political opponents out of the Nazi state, mainly imprisoning Communists and Socialists. However, as World War II began, the system expanded fast. The system quickly becomes more violent. They imprisoned anyone who resisted the domination and sent them to concentration camps for hard labor and was even murdered. They captured everyone they thought to be racially inferior or politically unacceptable. Within three years the number of prisoners quadrupled, from about 25,000 before the war to about 100,000 in March 1942 (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). When the Nazis captured the Jews, they put them into concentration camps where the Jews went through hardships, such as hard labor, starvation, and brutal deaths. Auschwitz was the largest concentration camp. It was actually three camps built into one. All three different camps holding a different purpose for Auschwitz. According to the video, Auschwitz, from History.com Staff, the concentration camps were so awful and inhuman. There were bodies piled up in stacks. Many of the captive citizens became very ill with Typhus and Malnutrition. One was a prison camp, another was an extermination camp, and the last one was a slave-labor camp. The Nazis had a very unusual way of getting rid of the prisoners. One way was gas chambers, where they would gather them into a room and fill it with a poisonous gas killing them all. Another more cruel way of murdering the prisoners was using them as target practice in an open field. These people already unhealthy, starving and exhausted-would be sent out into an open field, while the guards shot them down. According to Britannica Encyclopedia, 1.1 to 1.5 million people died at Auschwitz; with 90 percent of them being Jews. Among these numbers were 19,000 Roma, who were held at the camp until they were gassed. The Roma was the only other group gassed in family units along with Jews. Poles consisted of the largest victim group in Auschwitz, around 83,000 were killed. Not only was the Nazi party using cruel and inhumane ways to torture and kill their captive citizens they conducted inhumane experiments such as those done by a famous scientist by the name of Josef Mengele, known for his fascination of twins, but he was also interested in the using them for medical research. He joined the Nazi party, getting his medical degree. Here he studied the prisoners for medical purposes. However, with the thousands of people coming into Auschwitz at a time, Josef set out to find twins throughout the camp to experiment with. Now that he was testing prisoners no one cared about being humane. No one saw him as using humans. In BBC News it tells many different stories of which twins had gone through due to experiments that were done by Josef himself. Twins were taken right out of their hometown and taken to camps to be studied. One set of twins who were identical but had different colored eyes were very special to Josef. However, when almost all tested twins die d, either as a result of the experimentations or were murdered due to the process, but he would not get into trouble with the law. World War II began September 1939. While the Americans, debating on whether to stay neutral during the war, eventually got sucked in when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. The United States declaring war on Japan, lead to Germany starting the war with the United States. Thus leading to the United States joining the Allies to fight against the Axis powers. Although the United States did not join the war to rescue the captured citizens, but instead to protect democracy. In the end, the Allies did rescue tens of thousands of the captured minorities. The United States, along with the other Allies defeated Nazi Germany along with the other Axis powers, ending the Holocaust. Afterward, the prisoners were freed, Hitler committed suicide to avoid capture, and the Nazi party was gone. (The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, The United States and The Holocaust.) Even after the Holocaust ended the memories, camps, artifacts, and people are still here today. Millions of minorities and officials died during this time period but millions survived. The ones that had gone through the camps and the hiding still have the scars and memories of what they had to go through long ago. We have museums that you can go to today to visit and look at artifacts that had happened during the time. Anne Frank is now known today as a well-known Jewish teenager that hid in the attic of a store with her family to avoid capture of the Nazi party. Otto, Annes father, began to make plans for him and his family to avoid capture until the War was over. On 6 July 1942, the Frank family went into hiding in the attic of Ottos office building. Four other people joined them after a few months of hiding. Only a few of Ottos staff knew about the hiding place. These four employees helped them stay hidden, and made sure they had everything in order to survive. (The Holocaust Expl ained) Anne Frank is famous for keeping her own diary during her time in hiding. We know the challenges they faced and the way they lived throughout hiding. Her diary tells about personal experiences along with serious events that had happened. Anne writes until her capture at age 15 when she was taken to a camp along with her family. She had died in the camp within a day of her sister Margots death. In Anne Frank, Biography, it says The Secret Annex: Diary Letters from June 14, 1942, to August 1, 1944, was a selection of passages from Anne Franks diary published on June 25, 1947, by Anne Franks father. Otto published the diary for other to know what the victims had to endure for such a long time, but more importantly, he did it for Anne. He wanted Anne to be proud and wanted her to be known. Throughout this diary, and its pages of despair, it is a story that shows so many other emotions, Anne had endured. It shows her hope of surviving, faith, and the love of what she did have and her family. Anne Frank tells stories in such detail and imagination to get the real story. It tells from family holidays to horrid tragedies that had happened to her that will still today bring us to tears. The whole world learned from the mistakes that happened during the Holocaust. We have laws that prevent human testing, we allow people to choose and practice their own religion. The United States getting involved to stop the Nazi party from further domination was the right move for the whole world. This showed us what the right thing was in a very horrid situation. What we learned from the Holocaust was to never let something like this happen again. Throughout history,l we always tell people to remember what happens and to not let some history repeat. During 9/11 we say never forget we learned the phrase, Remember the Alamo! We do not want to go through another Holocaust ever again. Rockie Blunt, an infantryman, US army tells us that the prisoners told the soldiers to promise to never let the world forget what happens here. Rockie states Having seen a concentration camp it had a bigger effect on my life than anything else Ive ever seen or fought or done. in the Auschwitz video on His tory.com. The fact that Rockie had seen so much already being in the army, but nothing has even compared to what he saw in concentration camps.
Monday, December 23, 2019
When asking the question, Ã¢â¬Å"Race versus Social class: Which really matters?Ã¢â¬ there are several important concepts that must first be addressed in order to approach this very complex query sufficiently. First, what do the terms Ã¢â¬Å"social classÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"raceÃ¢â¬ signify? Also, in determining which really matters, the context of this question is crucial, in other words, to WHO or to WHAT or WHEN or WHERE or HOW each of these terms matters. All of these more specific questions are directly relevant to the answer and each may produce a contextually different explanation. So letÃ¢â¬â¢s define the terms we are evaluating and comparing and at the same time attempt to identify which really matters and in what context. What is social class? Generally,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦An example of this is the period in United States history known as the Great Depression. Mass dire economic circumstances proved to be a class equalizer when the wealthiest of families who were considered to be in the upper tiers of the class hierarchy experienced dramatic changes to their lifestyle which necessitated struggling alongside those Ã¢â¬Å"lower classÃ¢â¬ groups who had previously and would otherwise have been beneath them. Another fundamental aspect of Ã¢â¬Å"classÃ¢â¬ is that it is a universal phenomenon and thereby manifests itself all over the world. As such, the tendency to subject members of society to a certain class status or label within a social system is not a concept that is specific to the United States. An illustration of this is Great BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s famous class system which has traditionally been divided into three classes. These are: the upper class/ruling elite who are aligned to the monarchy; the middle class who are people born into wealth but not on the same class level as those with Ã¢â¬Å"good breeding;Ã¢â¬ and, the working class who provide labor but did not own any many of production. These divisions show that in the United Kingdom, class is only partially related to money and greatly owing to family ancestry (Liddell, 2013). Even more perplexing than the initial concept of class are the complexities by which class is determined. Class can be measured both subjectively an objectively.Show MoreRelated Race vs. Social Class Essay847 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRace vs. Social Class THESIS: Race differences in identity and social position were, and are, more important than class differences in American society. 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